Same-sex parents and carers and their children are likely to benefit in numerous ways from legal recognition of their families, and providing such recognition through marriage will bestow greater benefit than civil unions or domestic partnerships. Same-sex marriage became legal in Finland starting in On Dec. Canada Attorney Generalsame-sex marriage ceremonies performed in Ontario on 14 January were subsequently validated when the common lawmixed-sex definition of marriage was held to be unconstitutional. Besides Ecuador and Costa Rica, lawsuits regarding same-sex marriage have been filed in Honduras,  Panama,  Paraguay to recognize marriages performed abroad and Peru,  all of which are under the jurisdiction of the IACHR.
South Africa became the fifth country, the first in Africa, and the second outside Europe, to legalize same-sex marriage.
According to the author, the study highlighted the importance of abolishing institutional forms of discrimination, including those leading to disparities in the mental health and well-being of LGB individuals. Israel recognizes same-sex marriages performed in other countries, and same-sex couples enjoy civil benefits, including residency permits for the partners of Israeli citizens. The ruling took effect mid-June and same-sex marriages were performed in California for a short period of time before a ballot initiative challenging the decision was certified in late summer.
Circuit upheld four states' bans on same-sex marriage.